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Landing on a Comet
(Or the power of long term thinking)

A talk for Webstock

Wellington, New Zealand

19.02.15

http://www.webstock.org.nz/15/

Credits and References

Sincere thanks to Florian Cornu and Ariel Muller, plus all the scientists & artists cited.
They inspired this talk.

Shout-outs to Saad Chinoy, Andreas Schiffler and Shayne Carter for the gravity assists.

Artworks/projects referenced in Introduction:

– ArtScience Museum, Singapore: http://www.marinabaysands.com/museum.html
From One to Many by Yvette Mattern (2010), shown at transmediale.10, Berlin
data.tron by Ryoji Ikeda (2010) exhibited at transmediale.10, Berlin
Swell by Anthony McCall (2006), exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sunderland, as part of AV Festival 2006
Projections of a Perfect Third by Conrad Shawcross, ArtScience Museum, Singapore, 2015: http://www.marinabaysands.com/museum/davinci/shaping-the-future.html Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman
– Nat Buckley photographed during her Happenstance residency for creative technologists (2012): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/happenstance-residencies-for-technologists
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, as seen at Invisible Fields (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
levelHead by Julian Oliver (2008) shown at Suspending Disbelief, Lighthouse, 2010: http://www.lighthouse.co.uk/programme/suspending-disbelief
Laboratory Life produced at Lighthouse, 2011: http://is.gd/laboratory_life
– r a d i o q u a l i a: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioqualia
– Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/

Projects referenced in Part 1:

– The Rosetta mission: http://sci.esa.int/rosetta/
– Rosetta’s trajectory into space: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/The_long_trek
– Philae: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philae_%28spacecraft%29
– Philae’s nail-biting landing monitored by Stephan Ulamec, Fred Jansen, Andrea Accomazzo, Elsa Montagnon and Paolo Ferri: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/nail-biting-first-landing-comet-180953935/?no-ist
– The “singing comet” – the science behind the signal: http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/11/11/the-singing-comet/
– Soundcloud audio clip of the comet “sound” – sonification by Manuel Senfft: https://soundcloud.com/esaops/a-singing-comet
– Karl-Heinz Glaßmeier quote: http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov/news/singing-comet
– Jupiter’s moon, Ganymede, recorded by the Plasma Wave Receiver on board the NASA spacecraft, Galileo, and turned into sound by the University of Iowa: https://soundcloud.com/radioqualia/ganymede-callisto-europa
– Radio and Plasma Wave Group at The University of Iowa: http://www-pw.physics.uiowa.edu/
– Cassini-Huygens passing through Saturn’s rings: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Sounds_from_space
– Huygens microphone (ESA Huygens): http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/Sounds_of_an_alien_world
– The Sound of Space, BBC Radio 4, broadcast 30 January 2015: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b050bwpp

Projects referenced in Part 2:

Riding Light by Alphonse Swinehart (2015). Soundtrack: Music for 18 Musicians by Steve Reich: https://vimeo.com/117815404
Ancient Darkness TV (2009) by Katie Paterson: http://www.katiepaterson.org/
– Quotation by Katie Paterson from “Interview with Katie Paterson on Rhizome” (2010): http://rhizome.org/editorial/2010/jun/16/interview-with-katie-paterson/
– Images of simulations of the Higgs boson, ATLAS group, CERN: https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/AtlasPublic/HiggsPublicResults – Images of the Large Hadron Collider, from CERN: http://home.web.cern.ch/about/accelerators/large-hadron-collider
– The LHC Sound Project: http://lhcsound.hep.ucl.ac.uk/
– Quotation by Lily Asquith from “Particle Pings: Sounds Of The Large Hadron Collider” by Andrew Prince, NPR (2011): http://is.gd/asquith
– LHC Sound Project interpretation of how an emerging and decaying Higgs Boson may sound: http://is.gd/lhcsound
Broken Symmetries and the Masses of Gauge Bosons (1964) by Peter Higgs: https://journals.aps.org/prl/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.508
– Photographs of the 4 July 2012 seminar at CERN where the discovery of the Higgs boson was announced: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Tnd8bxDYOs

Projects referenced in Outro

– Images of Titan, Jupiter, Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and Voyager 1
Pale Blue Dot: http://is.gd/OsBy2J
– Voyager 1’s vintage technology: http://www.wired.com/2013/09/vintage-voyager-probes/
– NASA’s planned Orion spacecraft: http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/orion/
– Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02): http://www.ams02.org/
– MAVEN Mars Orbiter: http://mars.nasa.gov/maven/
– Alan Kay quote (1971): http://www.smalltalk.org/alankay.html

 

Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS

A Very Dark Matter
A talk by Honor Harger,

(Originally developed or the Knowing Through Showing Symposium, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, 9 September 2014, and given subsequently in Perth, 2014, and NTU Singapore, in April 2015)

Credits and References

Thank you to Douglas Kahn, Don Gurnett, Dan Hill, and all the artists and scientists who inspired this talk.

Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/

Title slide: Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenic_Dark_Matter_Search

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in introduction:

data.tron by Ryoji Ikeda (2010) exhibited at transmediale.10, Berlin
Swell by Anthony McCall (2006), exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sudnerland, as part of AV Festival 2006
from one to many by Yvette Mattern (2010), shown at transmediale.10, Berlin
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth
Aeriology by Joyce Hinterding, exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sunderland, as part of AV Festival 2008: http://is.gd/aeriology
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, shown at Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/invisible
Radio Astronomy by r a d i o q u a l i a (2004-2008): http://www.radio-astronomy.net

Projects/quotations referenced in Dark Matter section:
– CERN: http://home.web.cern.ch
– Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenic_Dark_Matter_Search
– Dark Matter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter
– Dark Energy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy
– Post-Planck dark matter graph: http://sciexplorer.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/dark-matter.html
– Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS)
– Large Underground Xenon dark matter experiment (LUX): http://lux.brown.edu/LUX_dark_matter/Home.html
– Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02): http://www.ams02.org/
– Trojan Horses and Dark Matter: A strategic design vocabulary’, by Dan Hill:
http://www.cityofsound.com/blog/2012/08/dark-matter-trojan-horses-strategic-design-vocabulary.html

 

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in Invisibility section:

Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by José Luis de Vicente and Honor Harger and at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
Immaterials by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen, Jack Schulze and Matt Jones, Lighthouse, 2013: http://is.gd/immaterials
Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, and Jørn Knutsen (2011): http://vimeo.com/20412632
– Timo Arnall quoted in No to NoUI by Timo Arnall, March 2013: http://www.elasticspace.com/2013/03/no-to-no-ui
Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen, co-curated by Honor Harger and Celia Davies, at Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
Paglen works shown:
They Watch the Moon (2010)
Artifacts (Spacecraft in Perpetual Geosynchronous Orbit, 35,786 km Above Equator) (2010)
KEYHOLE 12-3 (IMPROVED CRYSTAL) Optical Reconnaissance Satellite Near
Scorpio (USA 129) (2007)
PAN (Unknown; USA-207) (2010)
KEYHOLE IMPROVED CRYSTAL from Glacier Point (Optical Reconnaissance Satellite; USA 1860) (2008)
After Galileo (Jupiter and Moons)

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in space section:

Harnessing Wild Electricities from Outer Space by Thomas Ashcraft 2011-12, produced for Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/invisible
Time Dilation Experiments by Thomas Ashcraft: http://is.gd/timedilation
– Quotations by Thomas Ashcraft from an interview on National Public Radio, quoted in “Thomas Ashcraft: Artist as Electro-receptor” (2009): http://www.improvisedlife.com/2009/11/17/thomas-ashcraft-artist-as-electroreceptor/
– Radio and Plasma Wave Group at The University of Iowa: http://www-pw.physics.uiowa.edu/
– Image of Galileo spacecraft drifting in space after deployment from the Space Shuttle Atlantis, October 1989: http://is.gd/galileodrifting
– Quotation from Donald Gurnett from the NASA Solar System Explorer website: http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov/sounds.cfm
– Image of the RWPS antenna, on-board Cassini: http://cassini.physics.uiowa.edu/cassini/hardware.html

– Quotations by Douglas Kahn from “Radio was discovered before it was invented” (2006): http://rixc.lv/06/en/1.html & http://is.gd/kahnquote

20Hz by Semiconductor, co-commissioned by Lighthouse for Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/20_hz
– Kepler-37b story via “NASA’s Kepler Mission Discovers Tiny Planet System”, 20 February 2013: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2013-066
5 Minute Oscillations of the Sun by Caroline Devine (2012): http://is.gd/5_minute
– BiSON, the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Birmingham: http://bison.ph.bham.ac.uk/index.php?page=bison

 

Artworks/projects referenced in The Outer Limits section:

– Projects by Katie Paterson: http://www.katiepaterson.org/
Works referenced:
Ancient Darkness TV (2009)
100 Billion Suns (2011)
Light bulb to Simulate Moonlight (2008)
All the Dead Stars (2009)
– Quotation by Katie Paterson from “Interview with Katie Paterson on Rhizome” (2010): http://rhizome.org/editorial/2010/jun/16/interview-with-katie-paterson/

Works/projects/quotations referenced in Quantum Leap section:

– Images of simulations of the Higgs boson, ATLAS group, CERN: https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/AtlasPublic/HiggsPublicResults
– Quotation by Neil Turok from “The Cyclic Universe: A Talk With Neil Turok” on Edge (2007): http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/turok07/turok07_index.html
– Images of the Large Hadron Collider, from CERN: http://home.web.cern.ch/about/accelerators/large-hadron-collider
– The LHC Sound Project: http://lhcsound.hep.ucl.ac.uk/
– Quotation by Lily Asquith from “Particle Pings: Sounds Of The Large Hadron Collider” by Andrew Prince, NPR (2011): http://is.gd/asquith
– LHC Sound Project interpretation of how an emerging and decaying Higgs Boson may sound: http://is.gd/lhcsound

Works/projects/quotations referenced in concluding section:

– “Multi-Input RNAi-Based Logic Circuit for Identification of Specific Cancer Cells” by Xie, Wroblewska, Prochazka, Weiss & Benenson, Science, 2 September 2011, Vol. 333: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6047/1307.abstract – Adam Rutherford, speaking at Lighthouse 7 February 2013: http://is.gd/adamrutherford & http://is.gd/adamrutherfordtalk (discusses RNAi-Based Logic Circuit 50:00 minutes in)
SolarSinter by Markus Kayser (2012): http://www.markuskayser.com/work/solarsinter/
Hostage pt.1 by Frederik de Wilde (2010): http://frederik-de-wilde.com/projects/nano-painting
Bacterial Radio by Joe Davis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Davis_(artist)
Protei by Cesar Harada (2012): http://protei.org/
Environmental Health Clinic by Natalie Jeremijenko: http://www.environmentalhealthclinic.net/
City CPU by Gordan Savicic (2011): http://www.yugo.at/processing/index.php?what=citycpu
New Mumbai by Tobias Revell (2012): http://www.tobiasrevell.com/New-Mumbai

Wireless in the World by Timo Arnall

Wireless in the World by Timo Arnall

 

Something Invisible in the Landscape is Just Landscape

A talk for the University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia

8 September 2014

Credits and References

Sincere thanks to: Julian Oliver, James Bridle, Trevor Paglen, Timo Arnall, José Luis de Vicente, and all the other artists, scientists and technologists cited.

Title Slide: Screenshot of Wireless in the World by Timo Arnall (see below)

Artworks/projects referenced in Introduction:
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman

– Happenstance (2012) – residencies for creative technologists: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/happenstance-residencies-for-technologists

levelHead by Julian Oliver (2008) shown at Suspending Disbelief, Lighthouse, 2010: http://www.lighthouse.co.uk/programme/suspending-disbelief
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth – Laboratory Life (2011): http://is.gd/laboratory_life
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, as seen at Invisible Fields (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
– Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/
– Luke Jerram, Improving Reality 2012, Brighton Digital Festival 2012: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/improving-reality-2012
Laboratory Life produced at Lighthouse, 2011: http://is.gd/laboratory_life
Here Be Dragons: the Unstable Landscapes of GPS by Will Gowland (2011): http://vimeo.com/44446581
– C-Astral UAV, courtesy of Marko Peljhan
N5177C at Gold Coast Terminal Las Vegas, NV; Distance ~ 1 mile (2007) by Trevor Paglen, as seen in Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
data.tron [8K enhanced version] by Ryoji Ikeda (2008-09): http://www.ryojiikeda.com/project/datamatics/#datatron_8k_enhanced_version
– Edward Snowden quotes: http://is.gd/snowdenquotes
– Nicky Hagar quotes: http://cryptome.org/jya/echelon.htm
– Five Eyes article: http://is.gd/fiveeyes

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 1:

– The Boston Shuffler- stock-trading algorithm, courtesy of Kevin Slavin: http://videos.liftconference.com/video/1177435/
– Cloud computing survey commissioned by Citrix, August 2012: http://www.citrix.com/lang/English/lp/lp_2328330.asp
– The proposed Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation, New Mexico: http://www.forumforthefuture.org/greenfutures/articles/worlds-first-city-robots
Men in Grey by Julian Oliver and Danja Vasiliev: http://julianoliver.com/output/category/projects & http://meningrey.net/
Newstweek by Julian Oliver and Danja Vasiliev: http://julianoliver.com/output/newstweek
– Critical Engineering Manifesto: http://criticalengineering.org/
– Julian Oliver quoted in in Rhizome, September 2012: http://is.gd/juliansaid

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 2:

Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by José Luis de Vicente and Honor Harger and at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
20Hz by Semiconductor (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/semiconductor-20-hz
Immaterials by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen, Jack Schulze and Matt Jones, Lighthouse, 2013: http://is.gd/immaterials
Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, and Jørn Knutsen (2011): http://vimeo.com/20412632
– Timo Arnall quoted in No to NoUI by Timo Arnall, March 2013: http://www.elasticspace.com/2013/03/no-to-no-ui
Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen, co-curated by Honor Harger and Celia Davies, at Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
Paglen works shown:
They Watch the Moon (2010)
– Artifacts (Spacecraft in Perpetual Geosynchronous Orbit, 35,786 km Above Equator) (2010)
KEYHOLE 12-3 (IMPROVED CRYSTAL) Optical Reconnaissance Satellite Near
Scorpio (USA 129) (2007)
PAN (Unknown; USA-207) (2010)
KEYHOLE IMPROVED CRYSTAL from Glacier Point (Optical Reconnaissance
Satellite; USA 1860) (2008)
After Galileo (Jupiter and Moons)
– Trevor Paglen quoted in “Secret Moons and Black Worlds”, An Interview with Trevor Paglen by Timothy Moore, Volume #25: http://roryhyde.com/blog/?p=697
– Trevor Paglen quoted in, “Limit Telephotography”, Under Fire research forum, 2006: http://underfire.eyebeam.org/?q=node/469

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 3:

– William Gibson quoted in Spooky Country (2007): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spook_Country
Drone images:
– Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk: http://is.gd/globalhawk
– A drone pilot at the base at Hancock Field. Image: Heather Ainsworth for The New York Times: http://is.gd/droneoperator
– Untitled (Predators; Indian Springs, NV) by Trevor Paglen (2010)
– Cameras and imaging devices aboard drone aircraft. Image: http://is.gd/dronecamera
Dronestagram (2012-12) by James Bridle: http://dronestagram.tumblr.com/
– Drone Shadow (2012) by James Bridle: http://shorttermmemoryloss.com/portfolio/project/drone-shadows/
Under the Shadow of the Drone (2013) by James Bridle: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/james-bridle-under-the-shadow-of-the-drone
– James Bridle quoted in Drone Shadows, 2012: http://booktwo.org/notebook/drone-shadows/
– James Bridle quoted in Ring of Steel, 2013: https://www.readmatter.com/a/ring-of-steel/

Artworks/projects referenced in conclusion:

The Transparency Grenade by Julian Oliver: http://julianoliver.com/output/transparency-grenade
– Sergei Brin wearing Google Glass, as seen in The Guardian (2013): http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/mar/06/google-glass-threat-to-our-privacy
– Artist Steve Mann wearing his specially created AR headset, as seen in Onliny Augmented: http://www.onlyaugmented.com/meeting-professor-steve-mann/
Environmental Health Clinic by Natalie Jeremijenko:
http://www.environmentalhealthclinic.net/
City CPU by Gordan Savi?i? (2011): http://www.yugo.at/processing/index.php?what=citycpu
New Mumbai by Tobias Revell (2012): http://www.tobiasrevell.com/New-Mumbai
The Lightning Field (1977) by Walter De Maria
http://www.diacenter.org/sites/main/lightningfield

 

Here Be Dragons: the Unstable Landscapes of GPS by Will Gowland (2011)

Seeing in the Dark
Lenses for a Post-PRISM Landscape

A talk for the Post Museum Pop Up at the CCA, Singapore

27 August 2014

http://is.gd/postprismpostmuseum

Credits and References

Sincere thanks to: Julian Oliver, James Bridle, Trevor Paglen, Timo Arnall, José Luis de Vicente, and all the other artists, scientists and technologists cited.

Title Slide: Screenshot of Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen (2011) (see below)

Artworks/projects referenced in Introduction:
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman

– Happenstance (2012) – residencies for creative technologists: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/happenstance-residencies-for-technologists

levelHead by Julian Oliver (2008) shown at Suspending Disbelief, Lighthouse, 2010: http://www.lighthouse.co.uk/programme/suspending-disbelief
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth – Laboratory Life (2011): http://is.gd/laboratory_life
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, as seen at Invisible Fields (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
– Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/
– Luke Jerram, Improving Reality 2012, Brighton Digital Festival 2012: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/improving-reality-2012
Laboratory Life produced at Lighthouse, 2011: http://is.gd/laboratory_life
Here Be Dragons: the Unstable Landscapes of GPS by Will Gowland (2011): http://vimeo.com/44446581
– C-Astral UAV, courtesy of Marko Peljhan
N5177C at Gold Coast Terminal Las Vegas, NV; Distance ~ 1 mile (2007) by Trevor Paglen, as seen in Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
data.tron [8K enhanced version] by Ryoji Ikeda (2008-09): http://www.ryojiikeda.com/project/datamatics/#datatron_8k_enhanced_version

– Edward Snowden quotes: http://is.gd/snowdenquotes

– Nicky Hagar quotes: http://cryptome.org/jya/echelon.htm

– Five Eyes article: http://is.gd/fiveeyes

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 1:

– The Boston Shuffler- stock-trading algorithm, courtesy of Kevin Slavin: http://videos.liftconference.com/video/1177435/
– Cloud computing survey commissioned by Citrix, August 2012: http://www.citrix.com/lang/English/lp/lp_2328330.asp
– The proposed Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation, New Mexico: http://www.forumforthefuture.org/greenfutures/articles/worlds-first-city-robots
Men in Grey by Julian Oliver and Danja Vasiliev: http://julianoliver.com/output/category/projects & http://meningrey.net/
Newstweek by Julian Oliver and Danja Vasiliev: http://julianoliver.com/output/newstweek
– Critical Engineering Manifesto: http://criticalengineering.org/
– Julian Oliver quoted in in Rhizome, September 2012: http://is.gd/juliansaid

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 2:

Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by José Luis de Vicente and Honor Harger and at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
20Hz by Semiconductor (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/semiconductor-20-hz
Immaterials by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen, Jack Schulze and Matt Jones, Lighthouse, 2013: http://is.gd/immaterials
Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, and Jørn Knutsen (2011): http://vimeo.com/20412632
– Timo Arnall quoted in No to NoUI by Timo Arnall, March 2013: http://www.elasticspace.com/2013/03/no-to-no-ui
Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen, co-curated by Honor Harger and Celia Davies, at Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
Paglen works shown:
They Watch the Moon (2010)
– Artifacts (Spacecraft in Perpetual Geosynchronous Orbit, 35,786 km Above Equator) (2010)
KEYHOLE 12-3 (IMPROVED CRYSTAL) Optical Reconnaissance Satellite Near
Scorpio (USA 129) (2007)
PAN (Unknown; USA-207) (2010)
KEYHOLE IMPROVED CRYSTAL from Glacier Point (Optical Reconnaissance
Satellite; USA 1860) (2008)
After Galileo (Jupiter and Moons)
– Trevor Paglen quoted in “Secret Moons and Black Worlds”, An Interview with Trevor Paglen by Timothy Moore, Volume #25: http://roryhyde.com/blog/?p=697
– Trevor Paglen quoted in, “Limit Telephotography”, Under Fire research forum, 2006: http://underfire.eyebeam.org/?q=node/469

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 3:

– William Gibson quoted in Spooky Country (2007): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spook_Country
Drone images:
– Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk: http://is.gd/globalhawk
– A drone pilot at the base at Hancock Field. Image: Heather Ainsworth for The New York Times: http://is.gd/droneoperator
– Untitled (Predators; Indian Springs, NV) by Trevor Paglen (2010)
– Cameras and imaging devices aboard drone aircraft. Image: http://is.gd/dronecamera
Dronestagram (2012-12) by James Bridle: http://dronestagram.tumblr.com/
– Drone Shadow (2012) by James Bridle: http://shorttermmemoryloss.com/portfolio/project/drone-shadows/
Under the Shadow of the Drone (2013) by James Bridle: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/james-bridle-under-the-shadow-of-the-drone
– James Bridle quoted in Drone Shadows, 2012: http://booktwo.org/notebook/drone-shadows/
– James Bridle quoted in Ring of Steel, 2013: https://www.readmatter.com/a/ring-of-steel/

Artworks/projects referenced in conclusion:

The Transparency Grenade by Julian Oliver: http://julianoliver.com/output/transparency-grenade
– Sergei Brin wearing Google Glass, as seen in The Guardian (2013): http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/mar/06/google-glass-threat-to-our-privacy
– Artist Steve Mann wearing his specially created AR headset, as seen in Onliny Augmented: http://www.onlyaugmented.com/meeting-professor-steve-mann/
Environmental Health Clinic by Natalie Jeremijenko:
http://www.environmentalhealthclinic.net/
City CPU by Gordan Savi?i? (2011): http://www.yugo.at/processing/index.php?what=citycpu
New Mumbai by Tobias Revell (2012): http://www.tobiasrevell.com/New-Mumbai
The Lightning Field (1977) by Walter De Maria
http://www.diacenter.org/sites/main/lightningfield

 

 

Something Invisible in the Landscape is Just Landscape
A talk for the Athena Network
2 July 2014

Credits and References

Sincere thanks to: Timo Arnall, Julian Oliver, Adam Rutherford, Trevor Paglen, José Luis de Vicente, and all the other artists, scientists and technologists cited.

Title Slide: Screenshot of Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen (2011) (see below)

Artworks/projects referenced in Introduction:

from one to many by Yvette Mattern (2010), shown at transmediale.10, Berlin
data.tron by Ryoji Ikeda (2010) exhibited at transmediale.10, Berlin
Swell by Anthony McCall (2006), exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sunderland, as part of AV Festival 2006
Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by José Luis de Vicente and Honor Harger and at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
– Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman
– Happenstance (2012) – residencies for creative technologists: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/happenstance-residencies-for-technologists
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, as seen at Invisible Fields (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
levelHead by Julian Oliver (2008) shown at Suspending Disbelief, Lighthouse, 2010: http://www.lighthouse.co.uk/programme/suspending-disbelief
Laboratory Life produced at Lighthouse, 2011: http://is.gd/laboratory_life
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth – Laboratory Life (2011): http://is.gd/laboratory_life
– Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/
data.tron [8K enhanced version] by Ryoji Ikeda (2008-09): http://www.ryojiikeda.com/project/datamatics/#datatron_8k_enhanced_version
Genesis by Eduardo Kac (1999): http://www.ekac.org/transgenicindex.html
– Media art prequels website by Golan Levin: http://www.flong.com/blog/2009/new-media-artworks-prequels-to-everyday-life/

Projects referenced in Part 1:

– The Boston Shuffler- stock-trading algorithm, courtesy of Kevin Slavin: http://videos.liftconference.com/video/1177435/
– Cloud computing survey commissioned by Citrix, August 2012: http://www.citrix.com/lang/English/lp/lp_2328330.asp
– The proposed Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation, New Mexico: http://www.forumforthefuture.org/greenfutures/articles/worlds-first-city-robots
– China Miéville quoted from “Alien Evasion” by China Miéville, published in Arc 1.1, February 2012: The Future Always Wins: http://is.gd/chinam

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 2:

Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by José Luis de Vicente and Honor Harger and at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/invisible-fields
20Hz by Semiconductor (2011): http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/semiconductor-20-hz
Immaterials by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, Jørn Knutsen, Jack Schulze and Matt Jones, Lighthouse, 2013: http://is.gd/immaterials
Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve Martinussen, and Jørn Knutsen (2011): http://vimeo.com/20412632
– Timo Arnall quoted in No to NoUI by Timo Arnall, March 2013: http://www.elasticspace.com/2013/03/no-to-no-ui
Geographies of Seeing (2012) by Trevor Paglen, co-curated by Honor Harger and Celia Davies, at Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/trevor-paglen-geographies-of-seeing
Paglen works shown:
They Watch the Moon (2010)
– Artifacts (Spacecraft in Perpetual Geosynchronous Orbit, 35,786 km Above Equator) (2010)
KEYHOLE 12-3 (IMPROVED CRYSTAL) Optical Reconnaissance Satellite Near
Scorpio (USA 129) (2007)
PAN (Unknown; USA-207) (2010)
KEYHOLE IMPROVED CRYSTAL from Glacier Point (Optical Reconnaissance
Satellite; USA 1860) (2008)
After Galileo (Jupiter and Moons)
– Trevor Paglen quoted in “Secret Moons and Black Worlds”, An Interview with Trevor Paglen by Timothy Moore, Volume #25: http://roryhyde.com/blog/?p=697
– Trevor Paglen quoted in, “Limit Telephotography”, Under Fire research forum, 2006: http://underfire.eyebeam.org/?q=node/469

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 3:

– “Multi-Input RNAi-Based Logic Circuit for Identification of Specific Cancer Cells” by Xie, Wroblewska, Prochazka, Weiss & Benenson, Science, 2 September 2011, Vol. 333: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6047/1307.abstract
– Adam Rutherford, speaking at Lighthouse 7 February 2013: http://is.gd/adamrutherford & http://is.gd/adamrutherfordtalk (discusses RNAi-Based Logic Circuit 50:00 minutes in)
SolarSinter by Markus Kayser (2012): http://www.markuskayser.com/work/solarsinter/
Hostage pt.1 by Frederik de Wilde (2010): http://frederik-de-wilde.com/projects/nano-painting
Bacterial Radio by Joe Davis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Davis_(artist)
Protei by Cesar Harada (2012): http://protei.org/
Environmental Health Clinic by Natalie Jeremijenko:
http://www.environmentalhealthclinic.net/
City CPU by Gordan Savicic (2011): http://www.yugo.at/processing/index.php?what=citycpu
New Mumbai by Tobias Revell (2012): http://www.tobiasrevell.com/New-Mumbai

 

Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS

A Very Dark Matter
A talk for Connections, Clearleft, Brighton,, UK
https://ti.to/clearleft/connections-1-weak-signals
by Honor Harger, 4 February 2014

Credits and References

Thank you to all the artists and scientists who inspired this talk.

Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/

Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/

Title slide: Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenic_Dark_Matter_Search

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in introduction:

data.tron by Ryoji Ikeda (2010) exhibited at transmediale.10, Berlin
Swell by Anthony McCall (2006), exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sudnerland, as part of AV Festival 2006
from one to many by Yvette Mattern (2010), shown at transmediale.10, Berlin
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth
They Watch the Moon (2010) in Geographies of Seeing by Trevor Paglen (2012) at Lighthouse, October-November 2012: http://is.gd/paglen
– Adam Rutherford, speaking at Lighthouse, February 2013: http://is.gd/adamrutherford
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman
Immaterials: Light Painting WiFi by Timo Arnall (2011) shown at Invisible Fields, Barcelona 2011-12: http://is.gd/invisible
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, shown at Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/invisible
Radio Astronomy by r a d i o q u a l i a (2004-2008): http://www.radio-astronomy.net

Projects/quotations referenced in Dark Matter section:
– CERN: http://home.web.cern.ch
– Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenic_Dark_Matter_Search
– Dark Matter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter
– Dark Energy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy
– Post-Planck dark matter graph: http://sciexplorer.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/dark-matter.html
– Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS)
– Large Underground Xenon dark matter experiment (LUX): http://lux.brown.edu/LUX_dark_matter/Home.html
– Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02): http://www.ams02.org/
– Trojan Horses and Dark Matter: A strategic design vocabulary’, by Dan Hill:
http://www.cityofsound.com/blog/2012/08/dark-matter-trojan-horses-strategic-design-vocabulary.html

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in Heliocentrics section:

– Quotations by Douglas Kahn from “Radio was discovered before it was invented” (2006): http://rixc.lv/06/en/1.html & http://is.gd/kahnquote
Aeriology by Joyce Hinterding, exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery in Sunderland, as part of AV Festival 2008: http://is.gd/aeriology
20Hz by Semiconductor, co-commissioned by Lighthouse for Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/20_hz
– Kepler-37b story via “NASA’s Kepler Mission Discovers Tiny Planet System”, 20 February 2013: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2013-066
5 Minute Oscillations of the Sun by Caroline Devine (2012): http://is.gd/5_minute
– BiSON, the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Birmingham: http://bison.ph.bham.ac.uk/index.php?page=bison

My thanks to Douglas Kahn, who’s work inspired the first part of this section, including the anecdote about Thomas Watson.

Artworks/projects/quotations referenced in Beyond the Pale Blue Dot section:

Harnessing Wild Electricities from Outer Space by Thomas Ashcraft 2011-12, produced for Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/invisible
Time Dilation Experiments by Thomas Ashcraft: http://is.gd/timedilation
– Quotations by Thomas Ashcraft from an interview on National Public Radio, quoted in “Thomas Ashcraft: Artist as Electro-receptor” (2009): http://www.improvisedlife.com/2009/11/17/thomas-ashcraft-artist-as-electroreceptor/
– Radio and Plasma Wave Group at The University of Iowa: http://www-pw.physics.uiowa.edu/
– Image of Galileo spacecraft drifting in space after deployment from the Space Shuttle Atlantis, October 1989: http://is.gd/galileodrifting
– Quotation from Donald Gurnett from the NASA Solar System Explorer website: http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov/sounds.cfm
– Image of the RWPS antenna, on-board Cassini: http://cassini.physics.uiowa.edu/cassini/hardware.html
sideralia #01 ionosphere by TeZ and Honor Harger, released on leerraum, 2010: http://is.gd/sideralia

Thank you to Thomas Ashcraft, Don Gurnett and his team the University of Iowa and TeZ.

Artworks/projects referenced in The Outer Limits section:

– Projects by Katie Paterson: http://www.katiepaterson.org/
Works referenced:
Ancient Darkness TV (2009)
100 Billion Suns (2011)
Light bulb to Simulate Moonlight (2008)
All the Dead Stars (2009)
– Quotation by Katie Paterson from “Interview with Katie Paterson on Rhizome” (2010): http://rhizome.org/editorial/2010/jun/16/interview-with-katie-paterson/

Works/projects/quotations referenced in Quantum Leap section:

– Images of simulations of the Higgs boson, ATLAS group, CERN: https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/AtlasPublic/HiggsPublicResults
– Quotation by Neil Turok from “The Cyclic Universe: A Talk With Neil Turok” on Edge (2007): http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/turok07/turok07_index.html
– Images of the Large Hadron Collider, from CERN: http://home.web.cern.ch/about/accelerators/large-hadron-collider
– The LHC Sound Project: http://lhcsound.hep.ucl.ac.uk/
– Quotation by Lily Asquith from “Particle Pings: Sounds Of The Large Hadron Collider” by Andrew Prince, NPR (2011): http://is.gd/asquith
– LHC Sound Project interpretation of how an emerging and decaying Higgs Boson may sound: http://is.gd/lhcsound

 

Unmanned Aerial Ecologies
Proto-drones, airspace and canaries in the mine

At talk for Goldsmiths, London, 16 January 2014

Credits and References

Sincere thanks also to: Marko Peljhan, Kate Rich, Natalie Jeremijenko, Usman Haque, Trevor Paglen, James Bridle and all the artists & technologists cited.

Lighthouse: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/
Particle Decelerator: http://decelerator.blogspot.co.uk/
Title Slide: Time study (Predator; Indian Springs, NV) by Trevor Paglen (2010)
Closing image (and above): C-Astral UAV (courtesy of Marko Peljhan)

Artworks/projects referenced in Introduction:
– Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk: http://is.gd/globalhawk
– A drone pilot at the base at Hancock Field. Image: Heather Ainsworth for The New York Times: http://is.gd/droneoperator
In the Air by Nerea Calvillo & collaborators: http://intheair.es/info/project-credits.html
New Zealand Wireless Map by Mark Hansen: http://markhansen.co.nz/nz-wireless-map/
oval.maschine by r a d i o q u a l i a (1999). Photographed at CACSA, Adelaide, Australia: http://is.gd/rqateq
– Honor Harger and Adam Willets, photographed at the Acoustic Space Lab, Latvia, 2001: http://acoustic.space.re-lab.net/lab/
Frequency Clock – tactical radio system by r a d i o q u a l i a (1998-2002): http://v2.nl/archive/works/the-frequency-clock.
Frequency Clock being used to create thing.fm, New York, 2002: http://fm.thing.net/
Polar Radio by r a d i o q u a l i a and I-TASC, Antarctica, 2007: http://is.gd/polar_radio
Atlas of Electromagnetic Space by Jose Luis de Vicente & Bestario (2008). Co-commissioned by AV Festival: http://spectrumatlas.org/
Aeriology by Joyce Hinterding (2008), exhibited at the Reg Vardy Gallery, Sunderland, as part of AV Festival: http://is.gd/aeriology
20Hz by Semiconductor (2011), co-commissioned by Lighthouse: http://is.gd/20_hz
Mesopotamian Dramatugies (Su & Mayhem) by Kutlug Ataman (2011), exhibited at Brighton Festival, 2011: http://is.gd/kutlugataman
Laboratory Life at Lighthouse, 2011: http://is.gd/laboratory_life
levelHead by Julian Oliver (2008) shown at Suspending Disbelief, Lighthouse, 2010: http://www.lighthouse.co.uk/programme/suspending-disbelief
Frequency & Volume by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, shown at Invisible Fields: http://is.gd/invisible
Evolution of Fearlessness by Lynette Wallworth shown at Brighton Festival, 2011: http://is.gd/lynettewallworth
Happenstance (2012) – residencies for creative technologists: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/happenstance-residencies-for-technologists
data.tron [8K enhanced version] by Ryoji Ikeda (2008-09): http://www.ryojiikeda.com/project/datamatics/#datatron_8k_enhanced_version
bitplane by Bureau of Inverse Technology (1997-98): http://bureauit.org/plane
Situational Awareness by Marko Peljhan (2007) at Ars Electronica, Austria, 2007: http://is.gd/situational
– C-Astral UAV: http://c-astral.com/ – Image courtesy of Marko Peljhan.
– William Gibson quoted in Spooky Country (2007): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spook_Country
– Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk: http://is.gd/globalhawk
– RT32, VIRAC, Latvia. Photograph courtesy of Raitis Smits, RIXC, 2002.
– Trevor Paglen with telescope. Photograph from MIT: http://arts.mit.edu/va/artist/paglen/
– Marko Peljhan at the World-C4U exhibition, Brussels, 2000: http://is.gd/WorldC4U

Images referenced in Part 1:

The Knife – stock-trading algorithm. Image courtesy of Kevin Slavin: http://is.gd/kevinslavin
– The Boston Shuffler – stock-trading algorithm. Image courtesy of Kevin Slavin: http://is.gd/kevinslavin
– The proposed Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation, New Mexico: http://www.forumforthefuture.org/greenfutures/articles/worlds-first-city-robots
– Google Data Centre, Dulles: http://www.google.co.uk/about/datacenters/
Accelerate to the Cloud billboard, photographed at Auckland Airport, New Zealand, August, 2011. Photograph by Honor Harger.
– Microsoft Data Centre, Dublin: http://is.gd/3TMFkA
– Facebook Data Centre, Prineville, Oregon: http://is.gd/gGk6fE
– Cloud computing survey commissioned by Citrix, August 2012: http://www.citrix.com/lang/English/lp/lp_2328330.asp

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 2:

bitplane by Bureau of Inverse Technology (1997-98): http://bureauit.org/plane
– Bureau of Inverse Technology quotations come from the Decade Project: http://bureauit.org/decade/
– Photograph of Marko Peljhan: http://www.ladomir.net/bio-summary
Makrolab, Rottnest Island, Australia (2000): http://makrolab.ljudmila.org/mark2.html Photograph from: http://www.ladomir.net/peljhan-territories
Makrolab, Blair Atholl Estate, Scotland (2002). Photograph by r a d i o q u a l i a: http://radioqualia.va.com.au/documentation/makrolab/index.html
– Fixing satellite dish, Blair Atholl Estate, Scotland, 2002. Photograph by r a d i o q u a l i a
SCATTER! by Marko Peljhan and colleagues (2008), AV Festival, BALTIC, Gateshead, UK: http://www.ladomir.net/Scatter-2008
– Marko Peljhan quoted in Invisible Territory, a documentary by Zemira Alajbegovic, RTV Slovenia, 2007: http://vimeo.com/44982545
TRUST 15 [Tactical Radio Unified System Transport] by Marko Peljhan (1999), at PS1 Gallery in New York. Images courtesy of Peljhan.
TRUST-SYSTEM 22: http://is.gd/TRUST22
– Marko Peljhan quoted in Situational Awareness catalogue (2007), Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria: http://is.gd/situational
Territory 1995 by Marko Peljhan (2009), Istanbul Biennale, Turkey: http://www.ladomir.net/territory-1995-istanbul-biennale-2009
INSULAR technologies by Marko Peljhan (1999): http://www.n5m.org/n5m3/pages/insular3.html & original concept (1997): http://is.gd/insular_nettime
– Marko Peljhan quoted in transcript of Strategies of Minimal Resistance, lecture given at SCCA, Ljubljana, 1999. English translation: http://is.gd/ljSTBg
System-77-CCR (SYSTEM-77 / CIVIL COUNTER-RECONNAISSANCE) by Marko Peljhan (2004): http://s-77ccr.org/
Makrolab, Isola di Campalto, Venice Biennale (2003): http://makeworlds.net/node/12
– Marko Peljhan quoted in Invisible Territory – see above.
– Transmission from Iranian television allegedly showing footage of captured U.S drone RQ-170, December 2011:
– Nejc Trost, pictured with C-Astral UAV. Photograph: http://is.gd/5VbKJE
– C-ASTRAL UAV systems, Slovenia: http://c-astral.com/
– Documentation of Bramor gEO UAV from C-ASTRAL: http://c-astral.com/. Additional photographs courtesy of Marko Peljhan.
– Bramor gEO UAV flying over Gijon, Spain in 2009:

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 3:

– Invisible Fields (2011), co-curated by Honor Harger and José Luis de Vicente at Arts Santa Monica, Barcelona 2011-12: http://is.gd/invisible
– Wireless in the World by Timo Arnall (2010): http://is.gd/wirelessworld – shown at Invisible Fields.
– Timo Arnall quoted in No to NoUI by Timo Arnall, March 2013: http://www.elasticspace.com/2013/03/no-to-no-ui
– Geographies of Seeing by Trevor Paglen (2012), co-curated by Honor Harger and Celia Davies, at Lighthouse: http://is.gd/paglen
Paglen artworks shown:
Artifacts (Spacecraft in Perpetual Geosynchronous Orbit, 35,786 km Above Equator) (2010)
PAN (Unknown; USA-207) (2010)
KEYHOLE IMPROVED CRYSTAL from Glacier Point (Optical Reconnaissance Satellite; USA 1860) (2008)
After Galileo (Jupiter and Moons)
They Watch the Moon (2010)
National Reconnaissance Office Ground Station (ADF-SW) Jornada del Muerto, New Mexico (2012)
N5177C at Gold Coast Terminal Las Vegas, NV; Distance ~ 1 mile (2007)
Detachment 3, Air Force Flight Test Center #2, Groom Lake, NV, Distance ~26 Miles (2008)
Reaper Drone, Indian Springs, NV Distance ~ 2 miles (2010)
Untitled (Predators; Indian Springs, NV) (2010)
Time study (Predator; Indian Springs, NV) (2010)
– Trevor Paglen quoted in, “Limit Telephotography”, Under Fire research forum, 2006: http://underfire.eyebeam.org/?q=node/469

Artworks/projects referenced in Part 4:
– Under the Shadow of the Drone (2013) by James Bridle: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/james-bridle-under-the-shadow-of-the-drone
– James Bridle quoted in Drone Shadows, 2012: http://booktwo.org/notebook/drone-shadows/
– James Bridle quoted in Ring of Steel, 2013: https://www.readmatter.com/a/ring-of-steel/
Hercules Missile Landscape by Mariele Neudecker (2010), being shown at Lighthouse for Brighton Festival 2013: http://www.lighthouse.org.uk/programme/lighthouse-at-brighton-festival – Nike Historic Missile Site, Golden Gate National Park, USA: http://www.nps.gov/goga/nike-missile-site.htm
Psychopomp by Mariele Neudecker (2010) – Hercules Missile rubbings: http://www.marieleneudecker.co.uk/marieleneudeckej.html – to be exhibited at Lighthouse, May 2013
The Air Itself is One Vast Library by Mariele Neudecker (2010): http://www.marieleneudecker.co.uk/marieleneudeckei.html
– Charles Babbage quoted in The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise (1837): http://is.gd/babbage
Electronic Countermeasures by Liam Young, Tomorrows Thoughts Today (2011): http://vimeo.com/36267881

Artworks/projects referenced in Conclusion:

Here Be Dragons: the Unstable Landscapes of GPS by Will Gowland (2011): http://vimeo.com/44446581
– C-Astral UAV in sunset, courtesy of Marko Peljhan.